Posts with the category “theology-thursday”

Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on July 17th, 2024
Q. 36. What are the benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification?A. The benefits which in this life do accompany or flow from justification, adoption, and sanctification, are, assurance of God’s love, peace of conscience, joy in the Holy Ghost, increase of grace, and perseverance therein to the end.Westminster Shorter CatechismHave you ever hear...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on July 10th, 2024
Q.33. What is justification?A. Justification is an act of God’s free grace, wherein he pardoneth all our sins, and accepteth us as righteous in his sight, only for the righteousness of Christ imputed to us, and received by faith alone.Westminster Shorter CatechismFor all those that keep track, I did skip a question. Q32 is a summary that is then unpacked over the next few questions. One of the mos...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on July 3rd, 2024
Q. 31. What is effectual calling?A. Effectual calling is the work of God’s Spirit, whereby, convincing us of our sin and misery, enlightening our minds in the knowledge of Christ, and renewing our wills, he doth persuade and enable us to embrace Jesus Christ, freely offered to us in the gospel.Westminster Shorter CatechismWe saw last week that we need God’s Spirit to give us new hearts to be able ...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on June 26th, 2024
Q. 30. How doth the Spirit apply to us the redemption purchased by Christ?A. The Spirit applieth to us the redemption purchased by Christ, by working faith in us, and thereby uniting us to Christ in our effectual calling.Westminster Shorter CatechismOver the past twenty five years or so, I’ve invited a bunch of people to check out Jesus. I’ve explained the gospel to them, or I’ve brought them to t...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on June 19th, 2024
Q. 29. How are we made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ?A. We are made partakers of the redemption purchased by Christ, by the effectual application of it to us by his Holy SpiritWestminster Shorter CatechismI remember the day when my whole theological framework changed. I was in my lounge room. I’d been researching for some time what was called ‘Calvinism’ and ‘Arminianism.’ These ...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on June 12th, 2024
Q. 28. Wherein consisteth Christ’s exaltation?A. Christ’s exaltation consisteth in his rising again from the dead on the third day, in ascending up into heaven, in sitting at the right hand of God the Father, and in coming to judge the world at the last day.Westminster CatechismA lot can happen in the space of a few weeks. From Oscar winner to outcast. From peace to war. From drought to flood. But...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on June 5th, 2024
Q. 27. Wherein did Christ’s humiliation consist?A. Christ’s humiliation consisted in his being born, and that in a low condition, made under the law, undergoing the miseries of this life, the wrath of God, and the cursed death of the cross; in being buried, and continuing under the power of death for a time.Westminster Shorter CatechismDo you ever wonder what it would be like to lose everything? N...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on May 29th, 2024
Q. 26. How doth Christ execute the office of a king?A. Christ executeth the office of a king, in subduing us to himself, in ruling and defending us, and in restraining and conquering all his and our enemies.Westminster Shorter CatechismWhen I hear the word king, Prince Charles comes to mind. It’s a picture of a ceremonial figure. Turning up for photo shoots, smiling and waving. Perfecting the blan...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on May 15th, 2024
Q. 24. How doth Christ execute the office of a prophet?A. Christ executeth the office of a prophet, in revealing to us, by his Word and Spirit, the will of God for our salvation.Westminster Shorter CatechismAcross history, Kings & Rulers have sent ambassadors and heralds to speak their will to their subjects. God sent prophets. Ordinary humans given the privilege of speaking the very words of God....  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on May 8th, 2024
Q. 23. What offices doth Christ execute as our Redeemer?A. Christ, as our Redeemer, executeth the offices of a prophet, of a priest, and of a king, both in his estate of humiliation and exaltation.Westminster Shorter CatechismI’m a Dad. It’s one of my ‘offices’, along with ‘Pastor’, ‘Husband’ and ‘Brother’ (in the Christian sense). An office is a God instituted role that comes with specific respon...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on May 1st, 2024
Q. 22. How did Christ, being the Son of God, become man?A. Christ, the Son of God, became man, by taking to himself a true body, and a reasonable soul, being conceived by the power of the Holy Ghost, in the womb of the virgin Mary, and born of her yet without sin.Westminster Shorter CatechismMythology contains many stories of ‘gods’ taking on human form. The Greek gods were described as devious ch...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on April 10th, 2024
Q. 21. Who is the Redeemer of God’s elect?A. The only Redeemer of God’s elect is the Lord Jesus Christ, who, being the eternal Son of God, became man and so was, and continueth to be, God and man in two distinct natures, and one person, forever.Westminster Shorter CatechismOk, don’t get tripped up by the ‘God’s elect’ bit. This question is all about the nature of Jesus. To explain, let me come at ...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on April 3rd, 2024
Q. 20. Did God leave all mankind to perish in the estate of sin and misery?A. God having, out of his mere good pleasure, from all eternity, elected some to everlasting life, did enter into a covenant of grace, to deliver them out of the estate of sin and misery, and to bring them into an estate of salvation by a Redeemer.Westminster Shorter CatechismOurs is a tale of two estates (think household -...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on March 27th, 2024
Q. 19. What is the misery of that estate whereinto man fell?A. All mankind by their fall lost communion with God, are under his wrath and curse, and so made liable to all miseries in this life, to death itself, and to the pains of hell forever.Westminster Shorter CatechismYep. We skipped a couple of questions. Sometimes the old English Puritans could be a bit too thorough. But that can also be hel...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on March 20th, 2024
Q. 16. Did all mankind fall in Adam’s first transgression?A. The covenant being made with Adam, not only for himself, but for his posterity; all mankind, descending from him by ordinary generation, sinned in him, and fell with him, in his first transgression.Westminster Shorter CatechismI think today’s topic is one of the more controversial/strange theological realities, at least to modern eyes an...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on March 13th, 2024
Q. 15. What was the sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein they were created?A. The sin whereby our first parents fell from the estate wherein thy were created, was their eating the forbidden fruit.Westminster Shorter CatechismWell they did love to break it down these Catechism writers. Ok, so Adam & Eve ate the forbidden fruit. But what was it about the forbidden fruit? The Ge...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on March 6th, 2024
Q. 14. What is sin?A. Sin is any want of conformity unto, or transgression of, the law of God.Westminster Shorter CatechismThe Church I grew up in didn’t talk about sin much, but when it did, there was one common analogy; an archer shooting an arrow and missing the bullseye. It’s not a bad one. It comes from the literal Hebrew meaning of sin.And it’s true. God made us to be straight shooters, doin...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on February 28th, 2024
Q. 13. Did our first parents continue in the estate wherein they were created?A. Our first parents, being left to the freedom of their own will, fell from the estate wherein they were created, by sinning against God.Westminster Shorter CatechismThe news often makes for pretty grim reading. Quick recap of today; war in Ukraine, war in Palestine, murder in Sydney, Celebrity says dumb thing, Journali...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on February 21st, 2024
Q. 12. What special act of providence did God exercise toward man in the estate wherein he was created?A. When God had created man, he entered into a covenant of life with him, upon condition of perfect obedience; forbidding him to eat of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, upon pain of death. Westminster Shorter CatechismWhat are the conditions necessary for life to thrive and exist on ea...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on February 14th, 2024
Q.11. What are God’s works of providence?A. God’s works of providence are, his most holy, wise, and powerful preserving and governing all his creatures, and all their actions.Westminster Shorter CatechismWe are over 10 weeks into the Westminster Shorter Catechism. Written in the 1600’s, it was designed to teach people all they needed to know about what God has revealed in the Scriptures using what...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on February 7th, 2024
Q.10. How did God create man?A. God created man male and female, after his own image, in knowledge, righteousness, and holiness, with dominion over the creatures.Westminster Shorter CatechismWell, nothing controversial here! But worth noting, for thousands of years, God’s people have celebrated His creative work and the order established therein. Honouring God’s intention for differences, between ...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on January 31st, 2024
Q. 9. What is the work of creation?A. The work of creation is, God’s making all things of nothing, by the word of his power, in the space of six days, and all very good.Westminster Shorter CatechismI thought it might be worth spending another day on this Q/A of the catechism. The misconception of many, Christian and non-Christian, is that there is a war between Science and the Bible.And you can un...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on January 24th, 2024
Q. 9. What is the work of creation?A. The work of creation is, God’s making all things of nothing, by the word of his power, in the space of six days, and all very good.Westminster Shorter CatechismBefore sexuality, gender and same sex marriage - the battleground was creation. For centuries it had been taken for granted that six days meant six days. That Genesis 1-3 was literal and so on. But from...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on January 17th, 2024
Q. 8. How doth God execute his decrees?A. God executeth his decrees in the works of creation and providence.Westminster Shorter CatechismGoogle docs doesn’t like executeth… how sad. The Westminster Catechism was written by a bunch of very intelligent and godly men in the 17th century (1647). And yeah they use some big words and different words than common speech today. But more importantly, what d...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on January 10th, 2024
Q.7. What are the decrees of God?A. The decrees of God are, his eternal purpose, according to the counsel of his will, whereby, for his own glory, he hath foreordained whatsoever comes to pass.Westminster Shorter CatechismWhy? Why does our earth exist? Why humans and their seeming uniqueness in our world? Why does gravity keep the planets spinning? Why do some live and some die? Why do empires ris...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on November 22nd, 2023
Q. 6. How many persons are there in the Godhead?A. There are three persons in the Godhead; the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost; and these three are one God, the same in substance, equal in power and glory.Westminster Shorter CatechismWhat do eggs and ice have in common? Both favourites of Youth Leaders to illustrate the Trinity. The truth is that no illustration from our world can truly captur...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on November 15th, 2023
Q. 5. Are there more Gods than one?A. There is but one only, the living and true God.Westminster Shorter CatechismLong before John 3:16 (for God so loved) or Matthew 7:1 (judge not), Israel had a favourite Bible verse. It was called the ‘Shema’. Deuteronomy 6:4 - Hear, O Israel: The LORD our God, the LORD is one. For millennia, this is what differentiated Israel’s worship from the surrounding nati...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on November 8th, 2023
Q. 4. What is God?A. God is a Spirit, infinite, eternal, and unchangeable in his being, wisdom, power, holiness, justice, goodness, and truth.Westminster Shorter CatechismIt’s a question that sounds like it would be coming out of the lips of someone who may have smoked something they shouldn’t have. What is God? It’s a profound question.In Exodus, God introduces humanity to His name. Yahweh. It me...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on November 1st, 2023
Q.3. What do the Scriptures principally teach?A. The Scriptures principally teach what man is to believe concerning God, and what duty God requires of manWestminster Shorter CatechismAcross the centuries people have turned to the Bible for a variety of reasons. Still today - the likes of Jordan Peterson engage with the Scriptures as an interesting sociological and psychological document. Snippets ...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on October 25th, 2023
Q. 2. What rule hath God given to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him?A. The Word of God, which is contained in the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, is the only rule to direct us how we may glorify and enjoy him.Westminster Shorter CatechismI don’t know about you - but I’m not great at being told how to do something. Give me a task - no worries. Let me figure it out. In my own way....  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on October 18th, 2023
Q1. What is the chief end of man?A. Man’s chief end is to glorify God, and to enjoy him forever.Westminster Shorter CatechismOver the coming weeks/months - it’s going to be Theology Thursdays using the Westminster Shorter Catechism as our textbook. This helpful document was put together by some faithful Christians in the 16th century to help God’s people learn what the Bible says about well… every...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on September 20th, 2023
Q1. What is the chief end of man?A. Man’s chief end is to glorify God, and to enjoy him forever.Westminster Shorter CatechismOver the coming weeks/months - it’s going to be Theology Thursdays using the Westminster Shorter Catechism as our textbook. This helpful document was put together by some faithful Christians in the 16th century to help God’s people learn what the Bible says about well… every...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on September 13th, 2023
39 He answered, “A wicked and adulterous generation asks for a sign! But none will be given it except the sign of the prophet Jonah. 40 For as Jonah was three days and three nights in the belly of a huge fish, so the Son of Man will be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth. 41 The men of Nineveh will stand up at the judgment with this generation and condemn it; for they repented at...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on September 6th, 2023
3 For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures1 Corinthians 15:3-4This is the second last week in our Biblical Theology series where we have traced many themes as they develop across history and the Scriptures. It seems fitting that we s...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on August 30th, 2023
Blessed is the one who perseveres under trial because, having stood the test, that person will receive the crown of life that the Lord has promised to those who love him.James 1:12On Thursdays we are delving into Biblical Theology, that is tracing themes as they unfold across the Bible and history. Today, we consider the theme of Christian trials.And the trial begins in the garden of Eden. Have yo...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on August 23rd, 2023
19 The Lord has established his throne in heaven,    and his kingdom rules over all.20 Praise the Lord, you his angels,    you mighty ones who do his bidding,    who obey his word.21 Praise the Lord, all his heavenly hosts,    you his servants who do his will.22 Praise the Lord, all his works    everywhere in his dominion.Praise the Lord, my soul.Psalm 103:19-22At the heart of Biblical Theology (t...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on August 16th, 2023
23 Can an Ethiopian change his skin    or a leopard its spots?Neither can you do good    who are accustomed to doing evil.Jeremiah 13:23Today we look at a Biblical Theology of sanctification. Now there’s a big Christian word. A helpful one. Sanctification (theologically speaking) refers to the ongoing work of God in the sinner to change them to become more like Jesus - that is, to sin less and to ...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on August 2nd, 2023
9 For in Christ all the fullness of the Deity lives in bodily form, 10 and in Christ you have been brought to fullness. He is the head over every power and authority. 11 In him you were also circumcised with a circumcision not performed by human hands. Your whole self ruled by the flesh was put off when you were circumcised by Christ, 12 having been buried with him in baptism, in which you were al...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on July 26th, 2023
“Blessed are those who wash their robes, that they may have the right to the tree of life and may go through the gates into the city.Revelation 22:14Genesis has a lot about blessing. God promises that Abraham will be blessed and all nations blessed through him. But we often have a confused relationship with this word blessed. What does it mean to be blessed? What does it mean for Abraham? What doe...  Read More
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Theology Thursday
by Tim Canosa on July 19th, 2023
19 When Moses had proclaimed every command of the law to all the people, he took the blood of calves, together with water, scarlet wool and branches of hyssop, and sprinkled the scroll and all the people. 20 He said, “This is the blood of the covenant, which God has commanded you to keep.” 21 In the same way, he sprinkled with the blood both the tabernacle and everything used in its ceremonies. 22...  Read More
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